Νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό και δαπάνες υγείας σε χώρες της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης
Nurses and health expenditure in EU countries
The sector of Health, is one of the most important for the economic life and prosperity of a country. Health, as the biggest social good, to be provided equally and fairly to all citizens of a country adrift of the cost factors in a difficult economic environment for all European countries. Of course, during the economic crisis the staff of hospitals and especially nurses suffer most, even though it is not the only aspect of health sector which subjects to that situation. Especially, in southern European countries, these are more apparent, jeopardizing the quality of health services. The statistics studied were from four EU countries, Greece, Italy, Spain and Germany and referred to the period 2000 to 2013. The aim is to examine the relationship between health expenditure (total, private and public) with the percentage change of staff (doctors and nurses) in order to draw conclusions about the prospects of the future. The methods used are a) causality method by Granger and b) the weighted multiple regression. The results revealed that the percentage change in the number of doctors and nurses is directly related to the costs for health. In the case of doctors there is an increasing rate while in the case of nurses it happens the opposite. Lastly, it is necessary the conclusions drawn be applied by policy makers who carry health policies.