Η συμβολή της ναυτιλίας στο ΑΕΠ, το ισοζύγιο υπηρεσιών και την απασχόληση
Δούρου, Μαρία Χαρίκλεια
KeywordsΑΕΠ ; Απασχόληση ; Επενδύσεις ; Ναυτιλία ; Shipping ; Greek economy ; Employment ; Investments
The last years have been designated by the economic crisis and the effort of consolidation in many sectors of the Greek economy. The majority of economical articles are praising the role and the contribution of the Greek Shipping, and in fact they are describing it as the most robust sector with the greatest growth potential. The present study gathers statistic information about the sector of the Greek Shipping in order to present objectively the benefits of its activity in the Greek economy. The major direct impact of the Greek Shipping is being presented by the statistical data in Greek Balance of payments during the decade 2003-2013. This decade is crucial as it presents the financial data before and after the economic crisis. Also, the study focuses into the workforce and the employment in Greek Shipping during the last period of continuing rising Greek unemployment. The sector of Greek Shipping is also contributing indirectly to the economic activity of Greece, since it has major impact in a big number of other industries and sectors of activity. This study, using the input-output model, presents the importance of the added value that Greek Shipping offers. Moreover, based on recent studies the study refers to the indirect employment that the activity of Greek Shipping offers to other sectors of the Greek economy. Greek Shipping contributes to the economy also through the taxation of its capacity. In one hand the Greek taxation of shipping industry is considered favorable but on the other there is also the opinion that the Greek tax model should be known for its stability in order to be competitive into the global environment of shipping. The latest tax modifications present great interest for future research. The last part of this paper refers to the presentation of the investments in shipping by the Greek ship-owners, trying to predict the Greek evolution of shipping sector.