Επενδύσεις στο χώρο της υγείας : εμπειρική ανάλυση για Δανία, Γερμανία, Πορτογαλία και Ισπανία
Investments in health care : an empirical analysis for Denmark, Germany, Portugal and Spain
KeywordsΥγεία ; Επενδύσεις ; Δανία ; Γερμανία ; Πορτογαλία ; Ισπανία ; Healthcare ; Investments ; Denmark ; Germany ; Portugal ; Spain
The health sector is one of the most important in public spending (accounting for almost 15% of all government expenditure in the EU). It also accounts for 8% of the total European workforce and for 10 % of the EU’s GDP. The sector is vital to ensure the health and wellbeing of EU populations and it is at the core of the EU’s high level of social protection. Health matters have gained prominence in the last years in the framework of debates on public spending and adequate levels of social protection during the economic crisis. Nevertheless, the pressures to reform national health systems were building up well before the economic crisis took hold. Pressures are connected to an ageing population, the burden from chronic diseases, the cost of new technologies, and an overall increasing demand for healthcare. These challenges are encountered by national health systems depending on the socio-economic environment of each country. This study examines the investments in health care for four different EU member-states, Denmark, Germany, Portugal and Spain, as they are crystallized in the funding programs of the European Structural Funds in the previous (2007-2013 ) and current (2014-2020) operational periods. From the empirical analysis we conclude that although there are common guidelines in the EU for the healthcare sector, each country invests in different ways and methods to drive to the objectives pursued.