Η επαγγελματική εξουθένωση των Ελλήνων νοσηλευτών και η σχέση της με την σωματική και ψυχική τους υγεία
Burnout of Greek nurses and its relationship to the physical and mental health
KeywordsΣωματική και ψυχική υγεία ; Εργασιακό περιβάλλον ; Παράγοντες κινδύνου ; Στρατηγικές διαχείρισης ; Νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό ; Burnout ; Nursing staff ; Physical and mental health ; Working environment ; Risk factors ; Management strategies
Burnout is the modern disease of workers in the 21st century. Nursing is among the caring professions which are significantly affected by the painful burnout syndrome. Can be characterized as the syndrome of physical and psychological exhaustion of a health professional. Nurse loses interest to the patients, he ceases to be satisfied with work and creates a negative self-image. Burnout syndrome is not recognized as a disease with a specific symptomatology and this shows difficulty in identification. Perceived through specific behaviors and attitudes of nurses, often accompanied by organic and psychosomatic symptoms. For the treatment of the syndrome, the nurse called to recognize the weaknesses and limitations, in order to forestall or cope with early symptoms. The first objective of this study is to investigate the causes of professional burnout at the individual and organizational level and to deal with them. The second objective is to investigate the relationship of the syndrome with demographic, socio-economic factors and factors relating to working conditions. The ultimate objective is to investigate the relationship of physical and mental health of nurses with the three dimensions of Burnout syndrome. Although Burnout is a multifactor phenomenon, factors related to the working environment seems to wield stronger effect compared to their individual characteristics. The existence of professional burnout, as indicated by the results of research, is an essential indicator of low quality care services. Hospital administration must be interested in finding effective ways to handle problems and ensuring the quality of the services provided to users of health services.