Σχολική διαρροή και κουλτούρα
The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the issue of school dropouts in relation to cultural aspects of the educational unit and the role of the education system. The investigation is based on bibliographic research and a case study. Initially, the definition of school dropouts is laid out, followed by an analysis of the causes and factors responsible for the proliferation of this phenomenon. Subsequently, an exposition of the effects of dropping out of school is presented both for the dropouts themselves and for society in general. In the next section, the findings of previous, similar studies dealing with the elimination of the phenomenon is reviewed under a critical light. Based on this review, are listed the tools and mechanisms available for confronting the school dropout phenomenon. At the same time is showed the need for drastic measures in case of negative phenomena similar to school dropout. The next section is devoted to an analysis of the Greek educational system in terms of its organizational structure, its bureaucratic and technocratic character, aw well aw its resulting school culture, in order to examine whether these parameters constitute a barrier to students’ smooth progress and advancement. Subsequently, aiming to highlight the urgent need for change and reform within the Greek educational system, chapter 5 of the dissertation revolves around a comparative examination of the case study of the Finnish educational system. In this way, the differences between the two educational systems become evident and the reasons, for which the Finnish educational system is considered to be one of the most successful in the world, especially in comparison to the Greek traditional educational system. The final chapter summarizes the study’s findings, accompanied by a brief description of the key factors that cause school dropouts. The educational system is proven to be the primary cause of school dropouts and of the exclusion of a large percentage of the student population.