Ατυχήματα σε πλοία εμπορευματοκιβωτίων
KeywordsΕμπορευματοκιβώτια ; Θαλάσσιες μεταφορές ; Θαλάσσια ατυχήματα ; Λιμενική βιομηχανία ; Νομικό πλαίσιο
The introduction of the work attempts a general approach to the importance of shipping worldwide. At the same time, reference is made to the risk posed by ships sailing at sea and the accidents resulting from the increased risks faced by shipping workers, and in particular those working on board a ship. Then we talk about the concept of maritime accidents as well as the most common reasons why they happen. The first chapter of this work deals initially with the basic concepts related to marine casualties and incidents. Then, the container ship sector is analyzed in great detail. Initially, there is a brief historical review of the birth and development of this merchant shipping industry, and then an analysis of important overall aspects relating to containers, container ships, advantages and disadvantages as well as economic data associated with it the category of commercial transport. The second chapter begins with a small report on dangers and the port industry. The following are the categories of risks and marine casualties, with particular reference to marine casualties. The chapter is completed with a detailed report on the investigation of marine casualties and incidents as well as the purpose of the investigation. At the same time, there is a small historical review of the accident investigation institution. The third chapter provides an approximation of the legal status of the legal framework governing maritime transport. This approach has a dual status as it is referred to internationally and nationally. The chapter has been extensively referred to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a United Nations specialized agency responsible for regulating international shipping in relation to accident and human security, and to prevent and control of marine pollution by ships. The chapter ends with a brief review of marine casualties. The fourth chapter analyzes marine accidents and incidents in relation to the major cause of accidents, human factor and human error. Analysis includes the system as the naval system as a human system. Reference is made to the interaction of technology, the environment and organizational factors. Finally, we analyze issues of human factors in the maritime industry related to accidents. Key factors include fatigue, inadequate communications, inadequate general technical knowledge, poor knowledge of ship systems and the dangerous natural environment. In the fifth chapter, an extensive report is made on shipwrecks in the period 2011 to 2015 and information on marine casualties and their severity is presented, the main types of ships involved in marine casualties, the nature of marine casualties and incidents ships and accidents at work on board), the location of marine casualties and incidents, the contributing factors to accidents, the consequences of accidents (on ships and people), the distribution by type cargo ship and finally accidents on container ships.