Ιατρικός τουρισμός και ευκαιρίες για την ελληνική οικονομία
Health tourism and opportunities for the greek economy
KeywordsΙατρικός τουρισμός ; Σύστημα υγείας ; Υγειονομική περίθαλψη ; Τουριστικοί προορισμοί ; Πιστοποίηση ; Τουρίστες υγείας ; Κοινοτική Οδηγία 24/2011 ; Medical tourism ; Health system ; Health care services ; Tourism destinations ; Certification ; Health tourists ; EU Directive 24/2011
Globalization along with the systematically aging population has led to the development of health tourism services on an international level. Patients, increasingly, seek care out of the borders in order to combine low cost with travel experience. The term "Elective Medical Tourism" describes the pre-mentioned trend, according to which a patient chooses to travel abroad in order to receive a specific health service, for reasons such as cost, service quality and the combination of health care with customer experience. The Elective Medical Tourism refers to services like: plastic surgery, dentistry, ophthalmology, artificial insemination, cardio surgery, orthopaedics, treatment and rehabilitation, cancer treatment and organ transplants. Health and tourism providers have established all-inclusive packages for both patients and family in cooperation with international Medical Tourism Facilitators. This thesis begins by recording the history of tourism and Greece’s position in the international touristic scene while, later on, focuses on the medical tourism sector both on international and on local level. This thesis constitutes of six chapters. The first chapter performs an introduction on tourism, its types, the international market and Greece’s positioning in relation to other countries. The second chapter introduces the concept of medical tourism while the third one analyses the size of the market, the trend while looking into case studies. The fourth chapter emphasizes on medical tourism in Greece, the fifth on the related services provided and the sixth one refers to the EU directive 24/2011 and the development opportunities for Greece. Finally, the thesis finishes with some conclusions.