Χωρική στατιστική ανάλυση του πληθυσμού και των εγκατασταθέντων στους Καλλικρατικούς δήμους της χώρας
Spacial statistical analysis of population and in-migrants to Kallikratis municipalities
Πέγιου, Βασιλική, Κ.
KeywordsΕσωτερική μετανάστευση ; Σχέδιο Καλλικράτης ; Στατιστική ανάλυση ; Πολυμεταβλητή ανάλυση ; Χωρική αυτοσυσχέτιση ; Γεωγραφικά σταθμισμένη παλινδρόμηση ; Internal migration ; Kallikratis ; Statistic analysis ; Multivariate analysis ; Spatial autocorrelation ; Geographical weighted regression
The aim of this work is to study how the Greek population and the in-immigrants are distributed in the 325 Kallikratis municipalities of the country for the period 1996-2001 using data deriving from the 2001 census of Greece. Specifically, this work aims to identify the factors that explain the internal migration index of in-migrants to Kallikratis municipalities and examine how spatial patterns affect them. For this reason, appropriate statistical methods and spatial analysis techniques that can contribute to the results, have been used. The first part of the study deals with the concept of internal migration, its historical dynamics and the administrative subdivisions of the country. In addition, by using methods such as Descriptive Statistic, Linear Regression, Multiple Regression and Multivariate Analysis technique the phenomenon of internal migration and the relations among the factors that affect it are approached. Moreover, the Spatial Autocorrelation of internal migration is examined. This method basically focuses on the investigation of regional differentiations rather than of uniformity. Furthermore, the application of Geographically Weighted Regression has been described. Finally, the relevant maps have been constructed bared on the use of Geographic Information Systems GIS.