Βιωσιμότητα στην εφοδιαστική αλυσίδα : βέλτιστες πρακτικές
Sustainability in the supply chain : best practices
KeywordsΒιωσιμότητα ; Εφοδιαστική αλυσίδα ; Βέλτιστες πρακτικές ; Sustainability ; Supply chain ; Best practices
This thesis aimed at studying the concept of sustainability and the concept of sustainable supply chain, emphasizing on the best practices adopted by firms to ensure the sustainability of their supply chains. For the purposes of the thesis, a review of international relevant literature was conducted. The analysis that took place, showed that the practices that lead to a more sustainable supply chain, may be either best practices of traditional supply chains or slight changes of existing practices or innovative practices. In any case, to benefit, firms have to employ management systems and tools that integrate environmental measures and safety measures along with measures of other processes within the organization and throughout the supply chain. These include among others: total quality management, Just in Time system and lean production approach. Further, individual environmental responsibility, sustainable design and use of appropriate materials for products’ packaging form the next stage of activities of sustainable supply chain, while recycling, remanufacturing and reverse logistics form the third stage of above-mentioned activities. In the same context, firms developed processes of monitoring and assessing the efficiency of sustainable supply chain, as well as informative and educational programs for employees, suppliers, vendors and customers, aiming at increasing the level of their awareness. Finally, rapid technological advancements play, as well, an important role in improving the quality of employing best practices in sustainable supply chain.