Στρατηγική διοίκηση και δυναμική ομάδων έργου
Strategic management and project team dynamics
The purpose of this paper is to study the processes and the emerging psychological factors of a virtual project team, in relation to "Coordination" and "Knowledge Sharing" in this team. As the business environment becomes more complex, volatile and unpredictable, more and more companies are implementing wide-ranging organizational changes, aiming to move from traditional hierarchical structures to more flexible structures based on networks of autonomous multifaceted groups. The dramatic growth of internet-mediated organizational relationships has created a growing interest in how virtual teams are managed successfully. Virtual project teams are becoming more and more evolving as organizations use increasingly sophisticated technology to solve two key problems: • How they can pool the best possible human resources to solve problems that arise in traditional organizational structures and systems, and • How to form teams to meet specific site needs. The first chapter refers to the general theory of project teams within organizations, while the second analyzes the specific characteristics of virtual project teams and a theoretical approach to the factors that affect their composition and operation. In the third chapter, research hypotheses are formulated, the relevant methodology is presented and the results of the two research models are analyzed, through which specific factors were studied and how they affect "Coordination" and "Knowledge Sharing" in a virtual project team. This survey was based on the questionnaire. The data were collected from 182 people of various specialties, mostly engineers. In particular, in the first model as a dependent variable the "Coordination" of the virtual group was used and as independent variables the Use of Technology, Supportive Leadership, the Use of Media, Knowledge Sharing and Psychological Security. In the second model as a dependent variable was used the "Knowledge Sharing" of the virtual group and respectively as independent variables, the Use of Technology, Supportive Leadership, the Use of Media, Coordination and Psychological Security. Finally, the fourth chapter reflects the conclusions drawn from the results of the investigation and from the confirmation or not of the relevant hypotheses.