Τεχνητή νοημοσύνη - Νέες τεχνολογίες και δίκαιο: προκλήσεις για τον σύγχρονο νομοθέτη
Artificial intelligence - New technologies and law: challenges and legal aspects
AdvisorΔελούκα - Ιγγλέση, Κορνηλία
KeywordsΤεχνητή νοημοσύνη ; Artificial intelligence ; Νέες τεχνολογίες ; Προσωπικά δεδομένα ; Δίκαιο πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας ; Έξυπνες συμβάσεις ; Smart contracts ; Δικαστής-ρομπότ ; Αστική ευθύνη ; Αυτόνομα αυτοκίνητα ; Self-driving cars ; Τεχνητή νοημοσύνη και επιχειρήσεις ; Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση ; Ψηφιακός μετασχηματισμός
The present thesis attempts to investigate the highly controversial issue of Artificial Intelligence (AI)-New Technologies and the challenges to the legal scientific world, both for theorists and legislators. The rapid evolution of technology and the tremendous evolution of Artificial Intelligence have created a new reality that the Law will inevitably have to "comply" with. Initially, the definition of Artificial Intelligence as "the branch of computer science that deals with the creation of intelligent machines capable of performing through algorithms tasks that typically require human intelligence", a detailed historical overview of its evolution, from the "father” of AI, Alan Turing, to date, with the spectacular capabilities of artificial intelligence systems, and its distinction into narrow AI and general AI are recorded. In addition, more specific issues that arise in different fields of Law from the use of Artificial Intelligence are recorded and analyzed. From example, there are references to the changes that are occurring/will occur in business, with the creation of new jobs but also the impending "technological unemployment", in e-commerce, in legal and financial services. It also presents the concerns raised in relation to the protection of personal data and the important contribution of the European Parliament's General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 679/2016, as well as the new circumstances formed in Intellectual Property Law and in Contract Law. Furthermore, the challenges of Artificial Intelligence in Justice are studied. On the one hand, an AI machine can be used as an assistant either in the operation and organization of the courts or in the decision-making of a judge, but on the other hand, Artificial Intelligence can also completely replace the judge with the appearance of robot judges, setting multiple ethics and legal dilemmas in relation to fundamental human rights but also to the legality of a decision made by an automatic machine. Moreover, one of the main issues that arise today in relation to Artificial Intelligence, the liability of an automatic machine when an accident occurs, and especially when it comes from a self-driving car, is analyzed. That is a serious issue for the legislator today, as the legislative example of the USA and various case law examples on this issue are described. In addition, the role of the European Union in relation to all the above concerns is investigated, calling its member states for further cooperation and the adoption of a secure legal framework, as well as the role of Greece as a member state of the European Union, in which the digital justice is a key goal today and many steps have already been taken to achieve that. Finally, the thesis concludes by emphasizing that the impending threats of Artificial Intelligence to Law and Justice are particularly important and that a clear and secure legal framework is essential.