Σχεδίαση και παραμετροποίηση στοιχείων πολιτιστικής κληρονομιάς σε περιβάλλον ΒΙΜ
Design and parameterization of cultural heritage elements in BIM environment
BIM (Building Information Modeling) is an innovative technology in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry that tends to replace the usual process of production of architectural and construction plans, providing a wide range of possibilities in relation to integrated project management and monitoring of its life cycle. Recently, there has been a rapid increase in new buildings becoming BIM models, but this is not the case in the field of cultural heritage. The term HBIM (Heritage Building Information Modeling) refers to the recording, design and management of monuments and buildings of cultural interest and so far gathers more academic interest than practical application. Especially in our country, with the rich cultural reserve, the efforts of documenting the monuments with integrated models of HBIM are minimal. An ideal HBIM model must be very accurate in capturing the geometry of the building and be rich in information. The elements that make it up, so-called "families" can be integrated into digital libraries, which are characterized by parametric reasoning and are semantically aware. This is therefore "smart" data that based on keywords are categorized and correlated based on architectural, constructional and historical elements. Also, these data can be used for the integration and processing of time data, the analysis of the cost of interventions and the monitoring of the restoration and maintenance phases of the building. This paper first presents the way of designing, configuring, documenting and highlighting a cultural heritage element through the creation of the HBIM model and then a set of elements of a neoclassical building in order to integrate them into a library of Greek architecture. The configuration of a standard neoclassical facade, which includes these elements of the library, is then investigated, based on the synthetic principles that define its architecture. The aim of the research is for the face to respond to the changes that the user will make while maintaining its neoclassical identity. The extensions of BIM technology in terms of its applications in the field of management and promotion of cultural heritage are analyzed. Reference is made to metadata and how they are enriched in HBIM models, the integration into geographic information systems (GIS), the cost analysis of buildings and the possibility of using programming to associate models with databases. This research leads to conclusions both in relation to the advantages of the HBIM methodology, as well as in the difficulty of applying all its possibilities in the current situation of the domestic cultural resource management administration.