Συγκριτική μελέτη του προφίλ ατόμων ηλικίας 50+ με και χωρίς ιδιωτική ασφάλιση υγείας και διαφοροποιήσεις μεταξύ ευρωπαϊκών χωρών
A comparative study of the profile of persons aged 50+ with and without private health insurance and differentials between european countries
KeywordsΗλικιωμένοι ; Χρόνιες ασθένειες ; Περιορισμός σε δραστηριότητες ; Εισόδημα ; Κατάθλιψη ; Ιδιωτική ασφάλιση ; Δημόσια ασφάλιση ; Συντάξεις ; Γήρανση ; Δαπάνες υγείας ; Οικονομικές κρίσεις ; Σύστημα υγείας ; Ασφαλιστικό σύστημα ; Έρευνα SHARE ; Παλινδρόμηση ; Περιγραφική ανάλυση ; Elderly people ; Chronic diseases ; Activity limitations ; Income ; Depression ; Private insurance ; Public insurance ; Pensions ; Aging ; Health costs ; Economic crisis ; Health system ; Insurance policies ; Logistic regression ; Descriptive analysis
The aim of the research is to investigate and describe the socio-demographic characteristics of the population aged 50+, their health status and their preferences regarding insurance and health policies in countries of the European Union. In addition, it is attempted to compare these characteristics between countries and to investigate the existence of associations between the variables outlining the profile of the aging population. In Chapter 1 we present some information on the European health systems while we also report on the economic crisis and its impact on the systems and on citizens' health. In Chapter 2 we analyze the definition of aging, we outline the aging of the population in Greece and Europe, we present data on health expenditure for the elderly and the cost of disability as well as future prospects. In Chapter 3 we discuss the impact of the recent financial crisis on Insurance policies and the welfare system in Greece. The fourth chapter lists the theoretical framework of the analysis, including general information on the SHARE survey. The data used come from the fifth wave and include fourteen countries: Austria, Germany, Sweden, Holland, Spain, Italy, France, Denmark, Switzerland, Slovenia, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Estonia and Luxembourg. There are differences between these countries regarding the choice of insurance policies and schemes. Respondents in most countries are satisfied with the basic public health system. The majority is entitled to public pension. In Chapter 5, we examine the impact of sociodemographic variables, health and other factors on different types of health and long-term insurance policies using Logistic Regression. Employment status emerges ais a very important factor. We also note that higher educational attainment and greater economic prosperity play an important role in health.