Το θαλάσσιο εμπόριο του αργού πετρελαίου και τα μεγαλύτερα λιμάνια διαχείρισης του στην Ευρώπη
KeywordsΘαλάσσιες μεταφορές ; Θαλάσσιο εμπόριο ; Αργό πετρέλαιο ; Δεξαμενόπλοια ; Φορτία ; Λιμάνια ; Tankers
Seaborne trade in crude oil is extremely interesting issue as compared with other energy sources in the lead as well as in connection with all other transported cargoes. The market is formed by supply and demand and thus the maritime trade of the map drawn mainly from those who are not in an advantageous position to have oil and so on request and those with oil and bring to market. So, on the one we have Asia and America requested and Russia and Saudi Arabia offer from another demand year on year increase and a bid which is below. Countries with reserves is politically unstable, developing, with intense social conflicts and seems ominous how they will be able in the future to exploit the deposits are to meet the demand. Tankers used to transport crude oil is oversized to serve long distances and with smaller usually transported petroleum. Their average age is below the decade in order to meet the standards of shippers. In the tankers market concentration observed trend is gradual and slow, with an average age of 8 years ships and large ships VLCC type sizes most of them. In the terminals there is a natural lack of depth in the ports of Europe, leading to star Rotterdam and Russian ports have this advantage as well as a wider network that is considered effective.