School leadership models and competence frameworks : a systematic literature review
The key objective of this Thesis is to shed light on the diverse aspects of K-12 school leadership models and competence frameworks through a Systematic Literature Review. School Leadership (SL) has been defined and perceived from diverse standpoints, leading to a multitude of models each one with special and unique characteristics regarding the specific tasks and responsibilities of the school leader. The basic systematic literature review process seems appropriate to school leadership and the preparation and validation of a review protocol in advance of a review activity is especially valuable. The objective of this Thesis is to collect and analyze the variety of unique school leadership models and competence frameworks, in order to organize the width of competences of the school leaders, make clear the differences between them and highlight the special competences that make each framework unique. The final result is the proposal of a consolidated meta-framework, which will depict the state-of-the-art in school leadership competences, aligned with specific school leadership models, useful to researchers and leaders who are willing to guide their institution effectively.