Ιατρικές και φαρμακευτικές δαπάνες σε χώρες στην Ελλάδα και στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση
Medical and pharmaceutical expenditures in Greece and European Union
KeywordsΔαπάνες υγειονομικής περίθαλψης ; Νοσοκομειακές κλίνες ; Αριθμός ιατρών ; Βιώσιμες γεννήσεις ; Κατά κεφαλήν ΑΕΠ ; Προσδόκιμο ζωής στις γεννήσεις ; Δαπάνες ιατροτεχνολογικού τομέα ; Δαπάνες νοικοκυριών ; Healthcare expenditures ; Hospital beds ; Live births ; Life expectancy at birth ; GDP per capita ; Total capital investment expenditure on medical facilities ; Household ‘out of pocket’ spending
In this study there has been an attempt to correlate hospital data to the various categories of health spending. The indicators that have been studied showed the following: - The reducing of the number of beds (Hospital beds per 100000) between 2001 and 2011 across the EU-28 was equal to 92 beds per 100 000 inhabitants. - For the years 1981- 2009 in most EU countries there is a clear increase in the number of doctors (physicians per 1000) with Greece being the leader, showing a double growth. Exceptions are Germany which remained at the same level, Poland that showed a sharp decline from 1999 and afterwards Ireland. - However, the results show a clear reduction in all EU countries sustainable birth rate (live births per 1000) including Greece. - The above data are also confirmed by the results referring to the life expectancy at birth (life expectancy at birth) where there is a clear increase year per year. -An increase of GDP per capita in each EU country was shown at the end of the years 1981- 2009, however it is worth noting the decline observed in all countries in 2009 coincides with the beginning of the economic crisis. - Data for the years 1995- 2008 show an increase in total expenditure per capita on health in European Union countries and the gradual reduction in the rate of growth of these (Total Capital Investment Expenditure on Medical Facilities as % of Total Health Expenditure). -Finally it seems that the main source of private funding in health is the direct payments by households (Private households out-of-pocket payment on health as% of private sector health expenditure) where in Greece occupies 95% of private sector expenditure.