Βέλτιστος τρόπος εφοδιασμού εμπορευμάτων λιανικής διάθεσης: η περίπτωση των στρατιωτικών πρατηρίων
Best practise for the supply of retail merchandise: the case of military outlets
KeywordsΟικονομίες κλίμακας ; Βασικό μοντέλο αποθεμάτων ; Απόδοση ; Αριθμοδείκτες ; Πολυκριτηριακή ανάλυση ; PEST analysis ; Porter analysis ; SWOT analysis ; Basic inventory model ; Multi-criteria analysis ; Performance
The Armed Forces Special Supply Center (EKEMS) is the Army’s central military service station operating in the Kareas area within the municipality of Vyronas. The station offers total quality services to all units and eligible customers, without drawing any state funding. All military service stations mimic EKEMS in terms of their functionality and purpose, but operate on a smaller scale and under different management and operating models throughout the country. The case for merging EKEMS and military stations’ management and operations for the purpose of achieving economies of scale and utilizing the Basic Inventory Model is evident. In order to assess whether a merger process would be financially beneficial, a number of different qualitative and quantitative methods were employed in the current study. These include PEST and SWOT analyses, as well as Porter's Five Forces model. Standard investment appraisal techniques including Payback Period, Net Present Value, Breakeven Analysis, Internal Rate of Return, coupled with an analysis of Financial Indicators from the organization’s Balance Sheets and Profit and Loss Accounts were also included. Finally, GANTT charts and the Critical Path Method techniques were implemented for scheduling. Results of the present study were generated by conducting a comparative analysis between the proposed and current operating models using quantitative techniques. The outcome of this analysis supports the interconnection/collaboration of military stations and EKEMS, notably using third party logistics (3PL) over in-house military vehicles, which appear to be more costly. On the other hand, several issues arise that call for further research. These include the impact of military station interconnection on local society, as well as the effect of connecting the new EKEMS structure to other branches of the Armed Forces, namely the Navy and Air Force. For the former, a Multi-Criterion Study is recommended in order to assess the social effects of a proposed connection, while, for the latter, an analysis similar to the one presented herein is recommended to evaluate the case for an overarching, cross-force station with numerous outlets.