Διαχείριση αποβλήτων των νοσοκομείων και βιώσιμη ανάπτυξη
Hospital’s waste management and sustainable development
KeywordsΑπόβλητα υγειονομικών μονάδων ; Επικίνδυνα απόβλητα ; Διάθεση ; Ανάκτηση ; Διαχείριση αποβλήτων ; Αειφόρος ανάπτυξη ; Hazardous wastes ; Waste management ; Sustainable development ; Recuperation ; Disposal wastes
INTRODUCTION: Hospital wastes are a burning issue for the countries of Europe in the 20th century and the requirement for harmonization of their management with the principles of sustainable development is a cause of profound change in the legal system (SD defended entirely by law) and the Comission’s recommendations for further management. With all these deals the present work. MATERIAL AND METHOD A. REVIEW: For the present paper reviewed pieces of legislation of 2012 onwards and the plans of the Ministry of Environment and scientific articles greek and foreign from 2008 onwards. B. RESEARCH: The survey was conducted in four hospitals of Attica with closed questions (cited the tools) in scale 1-4, the questionnaires concerned all stages of management a) production-prevention production, b) sorting at source for all waste streams, c) transfer-road transport, d) alternative management plans, e) emergency plan, f) education, g) safety and hygiene, h) storage, i) processing. Studied the Environmental Management System for each of these stages. METHODOLOGY: Statistical Analysis with the program Stata S.E n. 11. The sum and standard deviation of all stages of management both among hospital and in each one separately showed no essential fluctuations of Internal Regulation Waste Management Health Units in hospitals, (sum 1,… and stan. Dev. 0,…- 1,…). Limitations: The survey was carried out in hospitals of Attica. C. RESULTS: Although the newly established system, the hospitals present particularly positive effects, particular emphasis should be given to the productionprevention production, the implementation of the Environmental Management System and the continuous training of staff. The finding of course is that the system wants credit time and has a long way to go…….