Αποθέματα και προμήθειες στις δομές υγείας : διαχείριση αίματος
Inventory and procurement in healthcare : blood management
The purpose of this research is to study the ways and the means for the successful and sound inventory management, which are applicable in Healthcare. Methods and models which have been used for decades in inventory management, could not be far from one of the largest sectors such as that of Healthcare. The difficulties faced by this industry, however, are special, as the products and goods you are called upon to manage are specialized. In more detail, the management of blood products is a challenge both for health units and for the entire World Health Organization. The management of blood reserves and the problems where it flows are many. The resources it needs to find are produced by a few suppliers worldwide and have high costs, being capital-intensive, R&D-intensive, high-tech, application-specific, etc. products. Such are all medical devices and medicines and they are produced by large industries, which, in addition to having products with the above characteristics, have oligopolistic prices, which the health structures will have to deal with. For this reason, procurement departments use various techniques, such as optimal order quantity and demand forecasting, so that Health Facilities achieve the optimal minimum cost. Another cost, which they should take into account, is that of their waste, as the legal framework is quite strict and enforces many mandatory measures. Procurement departments in health facilities have many things to consider when managing waste, for example whether to outsource or manage in-house. Effective blood management cannot be done by a single health unit, but by all Health Structures as a whole. Here the State agency and in particular the Ministries of Health must take different strategies to achieve effective blood stocks, according to the degree of social responsibility in their environment. Encouraging volunteers to donate blood and a steady supply of blood donors is critical, since blood cannot come from animals, nor can it be artificially obtained. This encouragement is achieved through various incentives, such as monetary incentives.