Η επίδραση της τεχνολογίας στη μεταφορά επικίνδυνων φορτίων
The impact of technology on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (TDG)
KeywordsΜεταφορά επικίνδυνων φορτίων (TDG) ; ADR ; Διαδίκτυο των Πραγμάτων (IoT) ; Blockchain ; Γεωγραφικά Συστήματα Πληροφοριών (GIS) ; Συστήματα Υποστήριξης Αποφάσεων (DSS)
We daily use thousands of products to cover our needs. A wide variety of these products, such as fuels, detergents, deodorants, alcoholic beverages and others, falls under the category of dangerous goods. The transport of such products involves a great risk for both human and the environment. This paper presents the notion of dangerous goods, the categories in which they are classified and the main regulations, such as the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), that accompany their transport and storage. Then, the main challenges that result from the transport of such products, regarding the legislative framework, the different individuals involved, the criminal aggressions and the risks arising from the nature of these specific products, are analyzed. In addition, the technologies which are applied for the improvement of the effectiveness of the processes required for the TDG, the reduction of risks and the reduction of the response time in case of an emergency, are mentioned. These technologies involve the Decision Support Systems (DSS), the Internet of Things (IoT), the Blockchain, the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and others. Finally, we examine some examples of deployment of these technologies and their results.