Παράγοντες που επηρεάζουν την ψυχική υγεία και ευεξία Ευρωπαίων ηλικίας 50 ετών και άνω βάσει διαγενεακών στοιχείων
KeywordsΨυχική υγεία ; Ποιότητα ζωής ; Πολυωνυμική λογιστική παλινδρόμηση ; Στοιχεία παιδικής ηλικίας
An unexpected event of global proportions, such as the recent COVID-19 pandemic, confronts people with isolation, phobias, anxiety and other unpleasant feelings. The internationally recorded deterioration of the living conditions of elderly people is a cause for concern and also highlights the importance of the concept of good "mental health" and "quality of life" in general. In response to recent events, this paper aims to investigate the characteristics that contribute to changes in the quality of life of European citizens over 50. For this purpose, statistical data from the European Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave7 are used. Τhe variables examined concern demographic, economic, social, as well as mental and physical health data, retrospectively reported, concerning the participants' childhood years as well as the year the survey was conducted (2017). In the 1st chapter, some basic definitions are given, such as "mental health" and "quality of life", for concepts that will be examined later on. The second chapter is a continuation of the theoretical framework, identifying factors that, according to previous research, affect mental health and quality of life among people over 50. This is followed by a descriptive statistical analysis of the variables of interest. In the 4th chapter, a two-dimensional analysis is used to examine to what extent quality of life correlates with demographic and socio-economic factors. In the 5th chapter, polynomial logistic regression models are developed in order to optimally identify the factors predicting better or worse quality of life. The 6th and last chapter summarizes the main findings of the research. The variables of concurrent life circumstances that significantly correlate with the quality of life of individuals include, but are not limited to, mobility limitations, self-reported health, country of residence, age, and the degree of neuroticism as trait of the personality of the participant. Additionally, maternal physical abuse and the number of accessible books during childhood, are two of the most important childhood variables influencing the quality of life of the participants later on.