Επιπτώσεις της πανδημίας Covid-19 και του lockdown στην υγεία των Ευρωπαίων ηλικίας 50 και άνω
As we are all aware, the Covid-19 pandemic resulted in extended periods of lockdown in all European countries with different styles and policies of implementation. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the impact of the first lockdown on mental health and well-being of people aged 50+ residing in European countries. More specifically, characteristics that contributed to changes in nervousness, depression and loneliness among European citizens are examined during the period of the first lockdown. The first chapter presents the characteristics and evolution of the pandemic since it first appeared in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, until the end of the first lockdown. In addition, potential cross-national variations related to the strictness of measures as well as differences between younger and older citizens are identified. The statistical packages R and SPSS were used for data analysis, where descriptive statistical methods, hypothesis testing and multinomial regression were applied to conduct a complete statistical investigation. The analysis is initiated in chapter two which is based on recent data from the SHARE survey covering 29 European countries, including Greece. The main axis around which the analysis revolves is the three mental health variables describing changes in nervousness, depression and loneliness of participants of the survey. In chapter three, further investigation is carried out through multinomial regression models to evaluate the factors that have a statistically significant effect on the key variables of the analysis. Finally, chapter four is the conclusion of the paper where all the findings are summarized. Two important points are that the participants in the survey considered their level of health before encountering other people. It seems that those in poor health were more isolated. In addition, men compared to women showed lower relative odds of feeling more nervousness, depression and loneliness compared to having no change.