Επισκόπηση προγραμμάτων και πολιτικών εξοικονόμησης ενέργειας στην Ελλάδα, την Ευρώπη και τον κόσμο – Συμβολή τεχνολογιών πληροφορικής & επικοινωνιών
KeywordsΕξοικονόμηση ενέργειας ; Κατανάλωση ενέργειας ; Ενεργειακή φτώχεια ; Τεχνολογίες Πληροφορικής και Επικοινωνιών ; Προγράμματα εξοικονόμησης ενέργειας ; Πολιτικές εξοικονόμησης ενέργειας
We see the phenomenon of the Climate Crisis causing increasingly intense consequences in all corners of the planet. The need to limit the emissions of greenhouse gases that cause the phenomenon is now inescapable. The great difficulty of this undertaking lies in the fact that economic activity across the length and breadth of the Earth requires enormous amounts of energy, which when derived from fossil fuels leads to massive greenhouse gas emissions. Beyond the shift to renewable energy sources, it is necessary to shift and invest in the concept of saving energy as well as in its more efficient use. Several initiatives have been taken in recent decades by international organizations as well as individual states, where energy saving policies and programs are implemented that are best suited to each case of states in which different climatic, economic and social conditions prevail. In the context of this thesis, an overview of the energy saving programs and policies that Greece has implemented is presented, making a comparison both with countries of the European Union which also try to act within the framework of the Community frameworks that have been jointly decided, as well as with countries with a leading role on the world stage such as the USA, the UK and China. On a second level, it examines how the leapfrog progress of new IT and communication technologies can contribute to energy savings, in fact to the benefit of economically weaker citizens, while a record of some good practices in the application of these technologies is also presented.