Διαφοροποιήσεις στα επίπεδα ανεργίας στην Ελλάδα στην περίοδο 2011-2018 σε επίπεδο Περιφέρειας
Regional differentials in unemployment in Greece over 2011-2018
The objective of this MSc dissertation is the study and the statistical analysis of the basic characteristics of employment and unemployment in Greece using data provided by the National Statistical Authority of Greece (ELSTAT). Τhe statistical package SPSS, R and Ms Excel have been are used for the data analysis. First, the basic characteristics of the employed and of the unemployed for the period 2011-2018 are explored. The main characteristics that are taken into account and analyzed are the numbers of employed and unemployed persons by gender and age group. Differentials in the unemployment rate over 2011-2018, at the national level and between the Regions is analyzed as well as differences by age group for that period. The analysis is performed using statistical hypothesis tests as well as parametric and non-parametric statistical criteria. The structure of employment in the three sectors of economic activity (Primary-Secondary and Tertiary) in the 13 Regions for the years 2011 and 2018 is analyzed using the divergence and participation indicators. Based on the analysis, the Regions are classified according to their ranking. In addition, the data on employment and unemployment for the same period in the EU countries for the whole population and by gender are presented and the EU countries are clustered based on the unemployment rate for the year 2018. In the year 2018, among the EU countries, Greece has the lowest recorded employment rate for both men and women. Accordingly, in terms of the unemployment rate, the highest rate is recorded in Greece. The number of employed in Greece after 2013 shows an increasing trend while the number of unemployed shows a decreasing trend. The largest number of unemployed is recorded in the Regions of Attica and Central Macedonia. In the Region of Western Macedonia high unemployment rates are recorded during this period. The Regions of Western Macedonia and Western Greece have the highest unemployment rate compared to the Regions of South Aegean, Ionian Islands, Peloponnese and North Aegean with the lowest unemployment rates. For the years 2011 and 2018 there is an increase in employment in the tertiary sector while the primary and secondary sector show a decrease in employment.