Η ανάπτυξη των δικτύων 5G και οι αλλαγές που θα επιφέρουν σε κοινωνικοοικονομικό και τεχνολογικό επίπεδο
Keywords5G ; Internet of Things ; AR ; VR ; Smart cities ; RAN ; CN ; SDN ; NFV ; MIMO ; C-RAN ; mmWave ; Backhaul ; Δείκτης DESI ; Δείκτης ετοιμότητας 5G ; Ψηφιακή Ατζέντα 2020-2025
It is a fact that in this day and age we are at the beginning of the 4th Industrial Revolution and the Digital Economy also. It is certain that in order to achieve the Digital Transformation of all sectors of the economy and human activity, the factors of paramount importance are the spread of mobile broadband, the use of cloud technologies and the interconnection of objects around us on the Internet. The digital transformation is going to be multi-layered and sweeping and seems to be leading us into a new era of networks / infrastructure and services, which will change the way we live, work, entertain and create. 5G mobile networks are expected to play a key role in this change as new business models and opportunities will be created with the deployment and implementation of them. In modern times, wireless communications is an area that is constantly evolving and is directly related to the mobile phone industry. This binding is a crucial parameter for the continuous development and significant improvement of modern wireless networks as well as mobile broadband systems, in order to provide higher quality services to the increasing number of users. Nowadays, a huge percentage of people worldwide use mobile phones. Crucial role in this fact has the rapid development of high-tech terminals, which provide more benefits than simple video, audio, etc. services, such as Internet browsing, file transfer, live streaming services, etc. This is the main reason why today's providers of this form are constantly forced to upgrade their networks. 5G is more than just an evolutionary step of the new generation of mobile telephony as it represents the fundamental transformation of the meaning that mobile technology has in society. As the demand for seamless connectivity grows, 5G gives the opportunity to create a flexible, specially designed network tailored to the different needs of citizens and the economy. In other words, it is clear and understood that the development of 5G networks is considered necessary and imperative. Large research teams from various global and European organizations, educational institutions and business entities dealing with the telecommunications sector around the world have set as a priority to achieve the requirements and goals of 5G networks. In summary, it is an indisputable fact that fifth generation (5G) networks will be a key element in the digital transformation of the economy and society while according to many action plans of different countries they will be a pillar of economic growth and social prosperity. 5G networks will have a positive impact on almost every sector of the economy and industry, and their integration into these sectors marks the transformation of a mobile communications technology into a general purpose technology.