Διαιτησία και διαμεσολάβηση, ως εναλλακτική επίλυση διαφορών
Arbitration and mediation are the two main and most popular alternative forms of dispute resolution, the main feature of which is the search for a private solution to deal with emerging disputes with the involvement of a third party, an independent and impartial person. Both of these institutions offer significant advantages to the parties, making recourse to these methods more attractive than the judicial resolution of disputes, which in recent years, due to the significant time and cost problems it faces, has lost the confidence of the citizens. This paper explores, on a theoretical level, through the review of national and international literature the contribution of these two institutions to the administration of justice, first in a more general context and then in the field of shipping. The results show that while the institution of arbitration has established itself in shipping as an alternative method of dispute resolution, in recent years mediation is beginning to gain ground in maritime disputes and is expected to gain even more after the implementation of the Singapore Convention. This study consists of five chapters, which will present to the reader the meaning and main characteristics of these two institutions, focusing on how they are applied in the maritime sector.