Η επίδραση της κατάθλιψης και δεικτών ψυχικής ευεξίας στη θνησιμότητα στην Ελλάδα και σε χώρες της Ευρώπης το 2015
The effects of depression and of psychological well-being on mortality in Greece and other European countries in 2015
Depression as well as general mental health indicators play a very important role in people's lives in modern times. In this dissertation we will examine the effect of depression and mental health indicators on mortality in Greece and in European countries using data derived from the SHARE study (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe). In the first chapter we present the definition of depression and of various mental health indicators, the symptoms they cause, depression in the elderly, the definition of mortality, the leading causes of death in Europe and their relationship with depression and optimism, respectively. The second chapter presents a descriptive analysis of the SHARE data. Differences will be explored in relation to the indicators of depression and mental well-being, and in relation to morbidity by country, gender, socioeconomic level (education/ income/ wealth, etc.). In the third chapter, through use of binary logistic regression, we will develop and analyze models that will help us study the effect of depression and of mental health indicators on mortality. From these models, but also from the whole thesis, various conclusions will emerge. One of them is that depression plays an important role in mortality, while the rest of the mental health indicators are also important predictors, each to a different extent.