Μικροβιακή αντοχή: κατευθυντήριες οδηγίες για την ορθολογική παραγωγή, διανομή και χρήση των αντιβιοτικών
All living organisms can develop mechanisms against factors that can destroy them and this is a natural consequence of natural selection. While antimicrobial re-sistance is a natural phenomenon, it is one of the most important public health issues, although it is not so well known and not addressed with equal importance as other important issues, such as cancer, or AIDS. The resistance of bacteria to antibiotics on the market is a global phenomenon and it concerns all of us. Greece has one of the highest recorded levels of antimicrobial resistance and is the first country in Europe in antibiotics consumption. Inappropriate use in veterinary medicine, uncontrolled pre-scribing, lack of proper consumer information, non-compliance with hygiene rules, inappropriate industrial waste management at antibiotic production plants, and lack of coordinated surveillance at all levels of production and distribution of antimicrobial agents contribute to enhancing the already existing antimicrobial resistance. In this Master thesis we will recommend some guiding principles to everyone involved, at all levels and sectors concerned with the specific issue, which could af-fect all of us in the future. First, we will analyze some general matters on the nature of bacteria, and antibiotics that have been manufactured against them, and then after looking at the epidemiological data from Greece and Europe, in comparison with the rest of the world, combined with the empirical study which was designed for the needs the current thesis research, we will present our proposals, on solving the major problem for public health, antimicrobial resistance.