Ασφαλιστικό σύστημα και απασχόληση στην Ελλάδα: ιστορική αναδρομή, σύγκριση με χώρες της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης και προοπτικές
Insurance system and employment in Greece: historical overview, comparison with countries of the European Union and prospects
KeywordsΑσφαλιστικό σύστημα ; Κράτος πρόνοιας ; Ελληνικό Σύστημα Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης (Ε.Σ.Κ.Α.) ; Ενιαίος Φορέας Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης (Ε.Φ.Κ.Α.) ; Κοινωνική ασφάλιση μεταναστών ; Health insurance ; Welfare state ; Greek Social Insurance System (E.S.K.A.) ; Carrier of Social Insurance (E.F.K.A.) ; Social insurance
It is common confession that for the effectiveness of the social policy and the existence of a real welfare state, it is required the consent of all political and social carriers, employers, employees and the wider public opinion to achieve the primary objective of an insurance system. The present writing aims at presenting and analyzing the insurance system and employment. It consists of five main chapters. At the first chapter we present the basic concepts, functions and main problems of the health insurance system today. At the second chapter we describe the concept of the welfare state, as well as the social rights of the individual within it. The subject of the third chapter is the historical route of the welfare state and the insurance system in our country, from the creation of the Greek state to the present day. In the fourth chapter we describe the E.S.K.A. (Greek Social Insurance System) and its latest evolution E.F.K.A. (United Carrier of Social Insurance), with the main current problems of the insurance system. Special attention is paid to unemployment and immigration and the way that these contemporary problems are confronted both at the social level through the social carriers, as well as at the political level, applied or not. Finally, the fifth chapter presents a comparative study of four representative different European insurance systems today. In conclusion, we present the perspectives of insurance systems in the future, as well as ways of solving their main problems, such as, for example, the demographic problem.