Η σημασία & οι συνέπειες της κρουαζιέρας στην ελληνική οικονομία. Η περίπτωση του Κατάκολου
Χριστοδούλου, Ευγενία Ι.
KeywordsΤουρισμός κρουαζιέρας ; Επιπτώσεις κρουαζιέρας ; Λιμενικές υποδομές ; Λιμένας Κατάκολου ; Τοπική οικονομία ; Cruise tourism ; Consequences of cruise tourism ; Port infrastructure ; Port of Katakolo ; Local economy
Maritime tourism in its wider sense includes every activity which takes place on the coasts and on the sea and it comprises a greater range of activities. One of the branches of maritime tourism is the cruise, which is the principal subject of this dissertation. Cruise tourism is becoming more and more popular and the Mediterranean Sea alone is the second most important market after the Caribbean Sea while Greece is the third most popular European cruise destination. During this challenging financial crisis, the cruise sector reinforces significantly the economy of Greece because it increases the revenues through collecting taxes, bringing investments and contributing to the development of entrepreneurship. On the other hand the main problem is the increase of the prices in services and goods in the ports as well as the seasonal income of the employees. Greece despite its attraction does not enjoy the economic benefits that it should due to the lack of infrastructure compared to other countries. One of the main gates of entrance for tourists in Greece is the port of Katakolo, which welcomes many thousands of visitors every year. The natural beauty of this location, its strategic placement on the marine routes of cruise ships and its proximity to ancient Olympia put Katakolo on the first places of the most popular Greek cruise destinations. The arrivals of the cruise ships have benefited enormously the area as more important infrastructure works are being implemented while at the same time the local economy thrives since it is dependent on the cruise sector.