Θεσμικό πλαίσιο στελέχωσης των πλοίων, με στόχο την ασφαλή θαλάσσια μεταφορά
Καραλή, Σταυρούλα Β.
Shipping is one of the most globalized industries in the world economy and the leading means of transport. Modern shipping is a highly international, multicultural and technological industry with strong demands on economic efficiency and profitability. The ship crews are multinational and a growing number of crewmembers come from emerging seafaring nations, such as the Philippines and China. Despite advances in technology, some 80 % of all accidents are, according to studies, caused by human error. The purpose of this paper, is to present all the conditions, the legal framework and the process of selecting the right people in order to become the crew in ships. The issue of selecting crews for merchant ships, in conjunction with the selection and ensuring adequate staff and workers on ships, will be analyzed. The people selected, will have to fulfill the necessary knowledge and experience requirements, in order to ensure maritime safety.