Προσέγγιση ασθενών που υποβάλλονται σε χρόνια περιοδική αιμοκάθαρση και διερεύνηση της ποιότητας ζωής τους
Health-related quality of life among patients undergoing chronic periodic hemodialysis
KeywordsKDQOL-SF ; Αιμοκαθαιρόμενοι ; Νεφροπαθείς ; Health-related quality of life ; KDQOL-SF ; Hemodialysis ; Renal disease
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the health - related quality of life in patients on chronic periodic hemodialysis in the southern suburbs of Athens and explore the impact of some different demographic and clinical factors on its’ dimensions. METHOD: In order to measure the quality of life of patients, a sample of 71 individuals from a private dialysis center was selected. Health-related quality of life was measured using the specialized tool for renal disease, KDQOL-SFTM. The questionnaires were completed, either by personal interview or hand filling, in July 2014. RESULTS: When the questionnaire was administered, only 14% of the patients were working. The scales of the KDQOL-SF™ with the lowest prices recorded were: working status, burden of kidney disease, physical role, general health and physical functioning. The comparison of the sample’s scales of SF-36 with the Greek general population showed statistically significant differences (p <0.05) in all eight scales but compared with a sample from Brazil, the Greek sample had higher rates. CONCLUSIONS: The investigation of the health-related quality of life of patients undergoing periodic dialysis showed that ESRD and the chosen method of dialysis, decisively affect all dimensions of quality of life. Also, age, sex, educational level, marital status, economic status, occupational status and co morbidity influence all the dimensions of quality of life. Patients are in need of psychological, social and financial support, and these needs should be taken into account in the formulation of health policies in order to improve their quality of life.