Διαχείριση ιατρικών αποβλήτων - οικονομοτεχνική μελέτη μιας σύγχρονης μονάδας αποτέφρωσης
Medical waste management - financial and technical research of a modern unit of inciretator
In recent years, environmental issues are gaining ground internationally. The incorrect practices in the management of Hazardous Medical Waste, as mixing and processing with household waste as long as the burning without control witch takes place in incinerators that do not meet the environmental conditions, led to rapid implementation of legislative steps for the country, dating from 2003 to 2009. The average quantity of HMW in country-level amounts to 0,7 Kg / bed / day, HMW with infectious nature waste occupies dominant position. Important role in proper management of HMW comes about the creation of a guide with rules for Medical Hazardous Waste, which were provided and presented not only health and safety measures but also planning in emergency situations. The cornerstone of safe management of HMW is the staff and its training. First of all, this study focuses on the description of Medical Waste, in methods and sources of production. Secondly special emphasis is given in health and safety measures and training of staff, who was involved at any stage of the management of HMW. At the end of the study, a techno - economic research is presented, concerning a new incinerator witch located in Attica. The specific unit has the opportunity to gather and process the HMW from Health Units by the lowest cost.