Χρηματοοικονομική ανάλυση εγκατάστασης & λειτουργίας φαρμακείου
SubjectΦαρμακεία -- Χρηματοοικονομική ανάλυση ; Φαρμακεία -- Οργάνωση και διοίκηση ; Pharmacy -- Economic aspects ; Pharmacy management
The institutional frame according to which drugstores function, imposes it to reconcile and counterbalance different demands: the freedom in choosing the profession and opening a drugstore, the need of employment, the acceptance of world market rules, as well as the obligation to establish restrictions and controlling mechanisms for the distribution of medicine which constitutes merchandise but also social good. In Greece, in the beginning of the '70s, the foundation and operation of private drugstores was left free, without distance or demographic restrictions. As a result, an important increase in the number of drugstores was observed all around the country. The law 1963/1991 defined the demographic criterion as a restrictive parameter for the foundation of new drugstore in order to "ensure a field of sufficient functional viability". This restriction was judged as unconstitutional with the decision 3665/2005 of the Supreme Court. However, it was redefined by the law 3457/2006 due to reasons of public health protection and rational distribution of drugstores in the territory. The objective of the present study is the analysis and the estimation of the economic elements of a drugstore and the evaluation of investing in the installation and operation of a drugstore as a personal enterprise from the private-economic point of view, based on financing tools such as: the calculation of the Net Present Value, the Internal Rate of Return, the benefit-cost ratio and the payback period. Furthermore, historical elements of the pharmaceutical profession are mentioned, the diachronic development of drugstores is presented, as well as the role of the pharmacist in the health care system and the future prospects of the profession. The basic laws that regulate the foundation and operation of drugstores, the distribution of medicine and the control of prices, are also mentioned. Finally, extensive bibliographic references are reported in regard to the health care expenses in general and more specifically to the pharmaceutical care.