Φαρμακοδιέγερση (DOPING): το παρόν και το μέλλον
Doping: the present and the future
SubjectDoping in sports ; Drug abuse ; Ντόπινγκ στον αθλητισμό ; Αναβολικά στεροειδή ; Anabolic steroids
The aim of this postgraduate work was to develop a social phenomenon, the use of drugs, or otherwise doping, ηn a global scale. Since ancient times, athletes used stimulants to improve their physical performance. Hence the syndrome of "drugs, polypharmacy, drug-mania and misuse of drugs" that has dominated our lives so strongly, that to be a pathognomonic feature of professional athletes, but also of contemporary society. Testimonials and statements of the athletes showed to the public that doping was a very well organized affair. Many events are cases of doped athletes, became the occasion for a decision by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). to organize in 1999 a World Conference to address the problem and then create the World Anti-doping (WADA). Pressure for action at national and international level was intense. Legislation to combat drug abuse, through controls, in sports is no longer necessary. States, sports members and organizations, make great and systematic efforts to confronting the problem by laws and disciplinary sanctions. The last 40 years, the random athletes’ control has become a standard procedure carried out not only on major national and international competitions, but in races organized by most international sports federations. Laboratories organized for orientation and analysis pro-testing drugs, accreditation of such laboratories to ensure the highest possible standards. Professionalism, privileges and commercialization led to corruption in sport. In no way can be argued that the misuse of drugs in sport has been eliminated or reduced by these remedies, but the increased vigilance of those who run the sport, along with the increasing complexity of detection of drugs, continues daily to reduce expansion of this illegal method of improving performance.