Κλιματική αλλαγή, επιπτώσεις στη ναυσιπλοΐα και διεκδικήσεις κρατών στο Βόρειο Πόλο σύμφωνα με το δίκαιο της θάλασσας
Χατζόπουλος, Ελευθέριος Δ.
Climate change is caused by both natural processes and human activity. The greenhouse effect is the main factor thanks to which global temperature is rising. This natural phenomenon is enhanced by human activity, which contributes to increased concentration of greenhouse gases. On shipping the climatic change can have both positive and negative effects. The new maritime routes, the rise in sea level and the strong winds are some of the impacts of climate change that can affect shipping. In the Arctic region there is huge interest not only from an environmental point of view but also from a political-economic, as foreign policies and alliances are shaped due to swept new energy perspectives. The high energy prices, modern fittings and modern mining methods combined with economical operations of the Atlantic to the Pacific, have mobilized governments in the region in the competition and establishing rights or claims on the basis of economic interests. In conclusion we can say that although climate change is having devastating effects on the environment of our planet, economically speaking, opportunities arise for entrepreneurship development as shorter new maritime routes open for commercial ships.