Οι απειλές στη ναυτιλιακή ασφάλεια : Πειρατεία, τρομοκρατία, και ISPS Code
This essay, deals primarily with the nature and threat of maritime terrorism and piracy, which is most likely to test the ship's security plans and procedures.The fact that piracy exists today can still come as a shock to many outside the industry, confined as it is to history and Hollywood films. Indeed, reporting by the wider media has tended to trivialize modern incidents. This changed when cruise ship passengers were threatened by pirates off Somalia in November 2005, prompting the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to seek a United Nations Security Council resolution to protect shipping in the Indian Ocean Yet away from the media glare, increasing numbers of ordinary seafarers have suffered at the hands of pirates. The International Maritime Bureau (IMB), which began reporting on piracy attacks in 1992, believes that a large pro¬portion is not even reported by victims. Piracy is as old as the maritime trade itself and its gener¬al tenets remain the same today as they did hundreds of years ago. Piracy occurs world-wide, wherever there are ships trading. Maritime trade has never been more wide spread than it is today, a fact reflected by the growth in piracy. Piracy is driven by poverty, greed and the vulnerability of ships at sea. Modern piracy is violent, bloody and ruthless, made all the more fearsome for victims because they know that they are defenceless, on their own, and with no help just over the horizon. They are in effect the perfect victims. Laws are unclear in their definition, are inadequate and do not protect seafarers. The ability of nations to counter piracy is poor.