Πετρελαϊκή ρύπανση από ατυχήματα δεξαμενόπλοιων : υπόθεση Exxon Valdez
SubjectΝαυτικά ατυχήματα ; Πετρέλαιο ; Δεξαμενόπλοια -- Ατυχήματα ; Δεξαμενόπλοια -- Μέτρα ασφαλείας
In our days we know that marine pollution that is caused by commercial boats and especially tankers, because of the charge that they transport, is one of the most important problems in the international community. One of the most important accidents was The Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred in the Prince William Sound, Alaska, 20 years ago It is considered one of the most devastating human-caused environmental disasters ever to occur at sea. Because of the accident 11, 2 million gallons of Prudhoe Bay crude oil spilled into the sea. The region was a habitat for salmon, sea otters, seals and seabirds. It was the biggest ecological destruction in the history of USA. At the height of the response, more than 11,000 personnel, 1,400 vessels and 85 aircraft were involved in the cleanup. The biological destruction that was caused by the oil spill is still visible after 19 years. The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) was signed into law in August 1990, largely in response to rising public concern following the Exxon Valdez incident. This diplomatic paper is going to analyze the consequences of this accident (environmental, economic and social) as well as to describe the efforts and the measures that were taken for the re-establishment of the affected regions. Moreover it includes an analytic description of the litigation among EXXON and the state and the federal government, the results of this litigation as well as the settlements that were achieved.