Improving Port State Control (PSC) performance using a risk-based approach: an in-depth literature review
Βελτιώνοντας την επίδοση των επιθεωρήσεων ελέγχου των Λιμενικών Αρχών (PSC) μέσω της προσέγγισης της διαχείρισης ρίσκου: μια σε βάθος βιβλιογραφική επισκόπηση
Βεντούρης, Ιάκωβος - Μάριος
Ventouris, Iakovos - Marios
During the past decades the economic contribution of the maritime transportation to the shipping industry has been increased rapidly. This is a positive trend, but it entails many threats (e.g. human life loose, environmental threats, sea pollution etc.) for the shipping industry. Therefore, a wide range of maritime measures have been created with the aim to eliminate the safety threats. Among these measures are included the Port State Control (PSC) inspections. Since the signature of the Hague Memorandum in 1978, the Port State Control (PSC) constitutes a strategy, that is implemented worldwide, with the aim to foreflight the substandard ships. Considering the importance of the Port State Control (PSC) inspections, this is an in-depth literature review, which aims to identify the risk-based approaches that are proposed in the international literature for the improvement of the Port State Control (PSC) performance. In addition, this research aims to identify the factors that influence the (PSC) inspections based on the international literature. The sample of this literature review are 47 academic articles which have been published in high quality journals. A total of 28 papers identified which proposed risk-based approaches for the improvement of the Port State Control (PSC) inspections’ performance. Additionally, a total of 19 papers were identified which examined the factors that influence the Port State Control (PSC) performance. The research results, shown that most of the selected papers focus on the data driven Bayesian Networks (BN). Fewer studies have been published on other approaches such as on the Support Vector Machine (SVM) method, the Bayesian Networks (BN) and game mode and the K-nearest neighbor. As concerning the factors, which influence the Port State Control (PSC) inspections, the research results show that 17 out 19 researches, which examined in this Dissertation, focused on the following factors: the ship age, the ship flag, the inspection history and the classification society.