Μελέτη αδυναμιών σε κρίσιμες υποδομές με έμφαση στη ναυτιλία
KeywordsICS ; IT ; OT ; IMO ; TMSA ; ABS ; DNV ; BIMCO ; ISPS ; ISM ; ICT ; SIRE ; SMS ; PDCA ; ISMS ; VISHING ; DMAIC ; IoT ; AIS ; GMDSS ; ECDIS ; GNSS ; GPS ; OCIMF ; DoS ; CIA ; NIST
Maritime transport is critical to the global economy. In a competitive environment, the industry is constantly seeking economies of scale and efficiencies. This has led to the introduction of larger vessels and an increasing use of information technology to achieve greater automation, both on shore and at sea. The increased digitalization may prove to be beneficial to the industry in terms of productivity, efficiency and performance optimization but also, impose serious threats from the consistent connection of a ship with the cyber world. In an increasingly connected and technologically dependent world, new areas of vulnerability are emerging. This is due to the ever growing number of illegitimate parties that stand to gain from manipulation stolen data of the industry’s on-board and onshore systems. The technologies employed are vulnerable to the same cyber-security threats as those in other sectors affecting commercial, production and government systems. This thesis reviews the threats in the maritime environment and explores the possible cyber-attacks on maritime-related systems for navigation, propulsion, and cargo-related functions.