Έκταση του οικονομικού εγκλήματος και διαφθοράς στο δημόσιο τομέα και οι συνέπειές τους στην οικονομία
KeywordsΟικονομικό έγκλημα ; Διαφθορά ; Διαπλοκή ; Αδικήματα διαφθοράς ; Απάτη ; Καταπολέμηση της διαφθοράς
The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of the whole range of financial crime and corruption in the public sector. At the same time, the aim is to show the harmful effects of these phenomena on the economy, through the erosion of the social fabric they cause. For this to happen, a detailed citation of the concepts of these phenomena takes place, supplemented by the presentation of the in-depth studies of various important international organizations on this issue. Thus, first of all, with regard to the concept of financial crime, a definition of this phenomenon could be as follows. Crime of ownership and involving the illicit transfer of ownership of property belonging to one individual to another, for its own benefit. On the other hand, the concept of corruption refers to a wide range of behaviors that are perceived differently in different societies and times and influenced by culture, a more prevalent indicator being the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). This index is issued annually to 177 states by the Non Transparency International Nonprofit Organization and scores the countries on 1-10 scale. It is characterized as the "indicator of indicators", as it results as the result of 13 autonomous surveys, which together make the corruption phenomenon interactive. It is noted that in this indicator Greece was in 58th place for 2016 the customs, customs and culture of each society. It is also worth noting that the cost to the Greek economy is estimated at around three billion euro per year. For this reason, an effort has been made in recent years to combat corruption, through the creation of actions and the establishment of agencies for this purpose. It is noted that four Special Services (Internal Affairs) Anti-Corruption, Fifteen Independent Audit Bodies for Fighting Corruption and Three Independent Authorities with Constitutional Valuation exist and operate within the Greek public administration. However, in order for the situation in the Greek economy and society to show lasting and significant progress, the efforts of all those involved should continue, along with the creation of citizens' moral awareness of corruption.