Παράγοντες κινδύνου που σχετίζονται με τα καρδιαγγειακά νοσήματα
Health risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases
KeywordsΠαράγοντες κινδύνου ; Καρδιαγγειακά νοσήματα ; Αγγειακό εγκεφαλικό επεισόδιο ; Στεφανιαία νόσος ; Κάπνισμα ; Κατανάλωση αλκοόλ ; Παχυσαρκία ; Διατροφή ; Σωματική άσκηση
Cardiovascular diseases are similar to an epidemic of modern times. Although medical science has made progress, cardiovascular disease is ranked first in the list of diseases that lead to mortality rates in both developed and developing countries. Greece holds one of the highest positions in the list of countries most affected. Risk factors that increase the burden of cardiovascular disease are identified with people's lifestyle. They result in daily harmful habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, eating habits, inadequate physical activity, and they certainly lead to an increased chance of cardiovascular disease, most commonly strokes and coronary heart disease. Given that lifestyle plays a key role in the prevention and suppression of cardiovascular disease, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends changing people's behavior by adopting a healthier lifestyle with systematic exercise, smoking cessation and avoiding passive smoking, with balanced eating habits, eating fruits and vegetables, avoiding foods rich in fat, sugar and salt and maintaining normal body weight. The purpose of this research study is to investigate the daily habits of young people and their association with the risk factors that have been shown to be responsible for the onset of cardiovascular disease. As a research tool, a questionnaire was used to calculate the risk of a heart attack or stroke over the next 20 years. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences-SPSS was used as a statistical program. The results of the survey showed that for the individuals in the statistical analysis sample the overall health risk is moderate. In particular, the individual risk in relation to the Body Mass Index is low, as is the individual risk of physical activity, smoking habit, as well as alcohol consumption. Moderate is the individual risk of eating whole grains, red meat, nuts and sugary drinks. Finally, the individual risk of consumption of fruit and vegetables, as well as processed meat, is high.