Κρίση στην ναυτιλία και την οικονομία και η οργάνωση λιμενικών επιχειρήσεων κρίκων της μεταφορικής αλυσίδας
Κοτσορέ, Μαρία Αργυρώ
This paper will deal with transport chain issues that also have an impact on door to door transport. I will therefore refer to the organization of port operations and more specifically to the organization of container reception terminals. It will also mention the role of ports in privatization, as privatization tends to be a pre-crisis issue, but in the midst of economic crisis it has intensified and accelerated. Finally, this work also mentions the tendency of the mega carriers to become a global operator, which is judged to be one of the major results of the 2008 global crisis and this work will be completed through four chapters. More specifically, the first chapter will refer to the identification of economic crises by referring to the historical review and the recent economic crisis. Then the second chapter will develop the economic crisis and its impact on the shipping industry by examining the flowering period and the factors that exacerbated the crisis in container shipping market as well as the economic crisis and the positive perceptions created through this. The third chapter will deepen in the transport market study looking at the global supply chains, vertical and horizontal integrations and alliances in the transport sector, oligopolies and the role of ports as a link in the transport chain. It will also examine the concept of privatization and how it will be implemented in ports, and it will also indicate what incentives to privatize ports, as well as the benefits and disadvantages of it. The following will be presented in detail on how to privatize, lease, administer, lease, sell the port assets in full, and sell shares in the private sector. After the fourth and final chapter will refer to the definition of the port industry and what it means crisis in the port industry, but also the influence received by the port industry by the financial crisis of 2008kai will become a reference to the mega carriers in their conversion in many cases after the crisis in global operators and in liner market alliances, closing the work with the conclusions that were drawn in the course of the work.