Οικονομικές και νομικές πτυχές της εκμετάλλευσης υδρογονανθράκων στην Ελλάδα, με έμφαση στην Περιφέρεια Δυτικής Ελλάδος
KeywordsΟικονομικές και νομικές πτυχές ; Έρευνα και εκμετάλλευση υδρογονανθράκων ; Δίκαιο των υδρογονανθράκων ; Περιφέρεια Δυτικής Ελλάδος
The exploitation of hydrocarbons is a technically, economically and geostrategically demanding and complicated project of great financial and geopolitical significance at both national and international level. In the current era of competitive global market and amidst the economic crisis, strict austerity measures and harsh fiscal adjustment, the need to exploit the available energy resources has become imperative for the country. Thus, after nearly fifteen years of inactivity the Greek State restarted the procedures for exploring potential deposits within the areas of its territorial integrity. At the same time, it gradually developed a suitable business environment to attract potential investors with experience in the energy sector to research and exploit hydrocarbons. In view of the above, the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change publicly invited corporations to express their interest regarding the granting of exploration and exploitation rights for hydrocarbons in two marine areas of Western Greece. Following a comparative assessment of the final bids, the selected investment schemes were Hellenic Petroleum SA, Edison International SpA and Petroceltic Resources plc, for the Gulf of Patras and Energean Oil & Gas- Energy Aegean Societe Anonyme Research and Production of Hydrocarbons and Trajan Oil & Gas Limited for the Katakolo area. Therefore, this diploma thesis intends to analyze the economic and legal aspects of the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons in Greece on a theoretical level, as well as to examine the existing legislative framework governing hydrocarbons law, highlight the legal gaps and evaluate the concession contracts signed regarding the geographical area of the Region of Western Greece. Furthermore, it should be noted that the purpose of my research is not solely to present the topic and the individual components of my thesis from just a bibliographic point of view. On the contrary, an effort will be made to document the view of the parties involved, the active partnerships and the governmental bodies, regarding the analysis of key issues affecting the energy sector which is under consideration. In order to achieve the above-mentioned result, interviews were conducted as a methodological tool for research, involving three companies operating in the concession areas and two government bodies, through which important data were collected.