H διαχρονική εξέλιξη των δημοσίων δαπανών στην υγεία, παιδεία και άμυνα και συγκριτική μελέτη αυτών με τις μεγάλες ευρωπαϊκές χώρες για τα έτη 1996-2015
KeywordsΔημόσιες δαπάνες ; Υγεία ; Παιδεία ; Άμυνα ; Δημόσιος τομέας ; Οικονομική κρίση ; Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση ; Public expenditure ; Health ; Education ; Defense ; Public sector ; Economic crisis ; European Union
The economic crisis, which appeared in United States about a decade ago and has consequently greatly affected the countries of the European Union, is a milestone for the examination of several important economic aggregates. This is because important economic data of the Member States of the European Union, such as public spending, gross revenue, tax revenue and other sources of income and expenditure, have been significantly affected by the onset of the economic crisis. For most EU countries it is true that they faced a constraint on their spending, because of the course of the economy that deteriorated revenue for states and businesses. In addition to the above situation, Greece has been called upon to cope with the debt crisis and ultimately to adopt four fiscal adjustment programs which, among other things, have significantly reduced the country's public expenditures in order to save resources so that Greece can avoid bankruptcy. Health, education and defense sectors are the most expensive sectors and on the one hand, sectors that have been called upon to face significant income cuts in their income, because they have greatly reduced public spending in times of crisis, as will be presented in this study. The purpose of the study is to examine the evolution of public spending on health, education and defense between 1996 and 2015 and make comparisons study with the major European countries on expenditure levels for the same period. As a matter of fact, in the decade under review, public spending was initially increasing but since the crisis, and especially for Greece, spending has been significantly reduced.