Κύριοι άξονες πολιτικής της Ε.Ε. για την ασφάλεια στη θάλασσα και η σημασία τους για την ανταγωνιστικότητα της ευρωπαϊκής ναυτιλίας
KeywordsΘαλάσσιες μεταφορές ; Ναυτιλιακή πολιτική ; Ασφάλεια στην ναυτιλία ; Ανταγωνιστικότητα ; Maritime transport ; Maritime policy ; Maritime safety ; Competitiveness
The safety of maritime transport is a significant chapter of the international shipping industry. The 1970s was characterized by a large number of accidents with serious consequences for the human life, the marine environment and the shipping companies. For that reason, through the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a number of measures were taken in order to strengthen the requirements for safer shipping. For the European Union maritime industry is of vital importance. Since 1980s until today, European Union aims in adopting regulations and developing systems so as to prevent sub- standing shipping reduce serious maritime accidents and minimize the environmental impact of maritime transport. Today, more than ever, issues such as safety, competitiveness and strengthening of maritime transport are in the top priorities of the European Union. The purpose of this thesis is to present the main EU policy lines for the enhancement of maritime safety. The thesis explores the latest developments and prospects and analyses the impact on the European Union's core objectives for competitive and quality shipping.