Εφαρμογές τηλεϊατρικής και η εξέλιξη τους τα τελευταία χρόνια
The application of telemedecine and their development in recent years
KeywordsΤηλεϊατρική ; Υπηρεσίες υγείας -- Πληροφορική ; Υγεία -- Πληροφοριακά συστήματα ; Ασθενείς ; Ηλεκτρονική κάρτα υγείας ; Ιατρική -- Πληροφορική
The high level of health care is a significant need for the human population. The evolution of technology in recent decades is rapidly, however the problem in an adequate and efficient care for the elderly and the inhabitants of islands and other areas with remote access, continues to exist. This is to give an effective solution telemedicine and its applications. Telemedicine allows virtual meeting doctors and patients real-time diagnosis, administering medical prescriptions and directives addressing the facts without the simultaneous physical presence of the doctor and the patient. Its existence is particularly important in countries that have not fully decentralized health system and the citizens of the region are deprived of adequate medical services due to lack of hospital infrastructure. The purpose of this study is to develop whether telemedicine has been applied mainly in Greece what development has experienced these applications in recent years and what growth potential there. Originally, it referred to the basic principles of telemedicine, most important definitions and briefly in history. It continues with the advantages and disadvantages for patients-citizens and for health professionals and whether there is a need for such a service. It talks about the applications of telemedicine in detail and finding action each of them. Then, indicate the technology used to achieve the transfer of data and describes the technical systems. Also, it described an electronic file and the electronic health card. In the next chapter, takes place the action of telemedicine in several countries of the world, how developed in each of these recent years. Finally, we close with the future that exists in the industry, the economic system that prevails and becomes an obstacle many times for its development and which laws are institutionalized around this system for the protection of the citizenpatient. Based on the above, we reach some conclusions which need to develop telemedicine necessary and if this is not directly possible then move more rapidly in our country at least.