Η αύξηση των πιέσεων των υδάτινων πόρων
The increasing pressures on water resources
KeywordsΥδάτινοι πόροι ; Διαθεσιμότητα ; Στόχοι βιώσιμης ανάπτυξης ; Κλιματική αλλαγή ; Παραγωγή ενέργειας ; Ποιότητα υδάτων ; Σημειακές πηγές
The purpose of the current thesis is the examination of the pressure on water resources, which is increasingly deteriorating due to anthropogenic factors and climate change. The increased demand, the efforts to further increase GDP and the unsustainable practices are depleting the available freshwater resources, which are necessary to sustain life on the planet and to meet the needs of the main user sectors. There is an interconnection and interdependence among the water sector and the food and energy production sectors, which further exacerbates the unfavourable situation. The World Business Council for Sustainable Development supports collective action and awareness-raising on sustainable water management in the business sector. The European Union has included, as part of its strategy, policies relating to the regulatory framework and cooperation on water security issues. Water quality trading is also analysed as a market-based response measure. The relationship between the stress on water resources and some non-climatic factors is examined by means of regression analysis. Finally, the results of the research are summarised and improvement policies are proposed.