Ανάλυση και αξιολόγηση του φαινομένου της ενεργειακής φτώχειας στην Ελλάδα και σε χώρες της Ευρώπης
Analysis and evaluation of the effect of energy poverty in Greece and the European Union
Energy is one of the largest areas of bioeconomy and one of the seventeen goals of sustainable UN development. Specifically, the seventh goal refers to economic and clean energy. Access to energy is essential for the whole world, given the opportunities that arise, whether it is jobs, climate change, production processes or revenue growth. Sustainable energy is an opportunity to transform the economy, the planet and lives. Therefore, the phenomenon of energy poverty makes it difficult to achieve the goal as the people who face it are far from the sustainable level, in terms of meeting energy needs. So with the research, it will be easier to identify and calculate the phenomenon of energy poverty so that the policies that will be proposed will help to decrease. Energy poverty is a global problem of our days as it has affected many households in all countries regardless of their growth. Along with the huge economic recession in 2010 due to the reduction of GDP, the problem was studied and consolidation measures were proposed by the EU experts, as I mentioned above, it was presented not only in Greece but all over the world. The purpose of this thesis is to study and evaluate the phenomenon as well as to identify the factors that influence it. To this end, an econometric survey was carried out based on data from the World Development Indicators Databank on the values of income, demographic and environmental characteristics of each country. Also, complex indicators that measure energy poverty are presented and help us present the results. In particular, the study covers nine European countries (from 1998 to 2014 every 2 years). There is a comparison for countries based on the results of the research on energy consumption and its sources. Following is the presentation of the econometric model, based on which the conclusions are drawn on the relationships between energy poverty, income per capita, CO2 emissions, petrol price and other variables that have been measured and evaluated. Finally, isolating and studying the behavioral effects of factors will help potential policies to be implemented successfully. Therefore, with knowledge of how energy poverty will respond to a change for example in income (one of the primary factors in the study), parameters will emerge that will help to take more effective mitigation measures. As it seems, useful policies and more effective are those that have an impact on the protection of the environment.