Μέθοδοι ακτινοθεραπείας και οικονομικό κόστος για ασθενείς και κράτος
Methods of radiotherapy and financial costs for patients and state
Radiotherapy constitutes an interventional necessary mechanism towards successful therapeutic handling of different cancer types, not only in the level of disease eradication, but also in terms of symptomatic relief of the patient. It is recorded in a high incidence rate in cancerous types which are most often isolated in humans (breast, lung, prostate). There are two different radiotherapeutical interventions, known as the outer and inner interventions, respectively. The outer intervention, also known as outer radiotherapy, is using high energy rays (X, e and p). The inner intervention, also known as brachytherapy, depends upon setting radioactive sources within or close to the site of radiation. A number of different protocols of outer radiotherapy are being successfully implemented towards the past few years, including two dimensional, three dimensional-conformal radiotherapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, volumetric modulated arc therapy, flattening filter free, image guided radiotherapy, stereotactic radiation therapy or stereotactic radiosurgery, proton induced therapy and ongometric intensity-modulated radiation therapy. The purpose of the current study was presentation of the latest advances in the field of radiotherapeutic interventions, along with highlighting specific details, acting in benefit for a cancerous patient. Moreover, the cost of implementation of radiotherapeutic services was investigated, not only for Greece, but also for different geographical regions around the world.